What can cause period problems?

Period pains or menstrual cramps can be both alarming and extremely uncomfortable.

There are many reasons why period problems can develop, with some being more serious than others.

In many cases, period pains are a natural reaction of your menstrual cycle, meaning that most females will experience them at some point in life.

If you’re concerned about your menstrual pain at present, here is a list of the most common reasons for why they occur and advice on whether you should undergo treatment to resolve potential issues:


There are a few medications such as tranexamic acid tablets or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs which help relieve period pains or heavy bleeding.

However, there are also some medications that can negatively affect your period.

Many people use aspirin to help counter period problems; however, the drug can make them worse as it has blood-thinning properties which can result in heavier menstrual flow.

Birth control

For many,  birth control pills can alleviate period problems, but for a very small number of women, contraception can make things worse.

Sometimes taking the pill incorrectly can cause abnormal uterine bleeding but using it for an extended time can cause damage to the lining of the uterus.

Stress or anxiety

Period Problems

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For those who suffer from an anxiety disorder, or are prone to stress, these issues can have major implications on the body.

The female reproductive system can be majorly affected by stress or anxiety and can lead to missed or irregular periods.

By trying to relieve yourself of stress, it can help the area of the brain that produces hormones, to establish your normal levels once again, benefitting your menstrual cycle in the process.


When a female reaches her mid-40s, she may experience certain symptoms of menopause such as hot flushes, a reduced sex drive and anxiety.

For those who are menopausal, they will notice that their period pattern will change quite distinctively as they can become more frequent or infrequent, eventually resulting in them stopping altogether.

During menopause you can experience heavy periods which may require medication depending on the amount of blood.


It may be surprising to learn that your period can have an affect on your body’s blood sugar.

Diabetes can cause women to start experiencing menstrual problems before they are 30.

The condition can cause menstrual cycles to become longer on average, leading to heavier periods and in some extreme cases it can cause an earlier onset of menopause. These side effects are usually experienced by females with type 1 diabetes.


A problem that is usually accustom with pregnancy are period cramps.

This is very normal and for the most part shouldn’t alarm you, however any additional symptoms may require medical attention.

The discomfort you face can last for several days and you can even face the issue of bleeding when a pre-embryo invades blood vessels beneath the uterus lining.

Many women face pelvic cramps around the time that they should be getting their period.


If you’re experiencing an increased pain during your period, with an increased blood flow, then it could be that you have a sexually transmitted disease (STD).

Many women mistake STD symptoms with irregular periods, as they can cause bleeding and inflammation of the cervix.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition that has a direct impact on the functioning of a female’s ovaries.

When it comes to your periods, PCOS is likely to cause irregular periods, and in more serious circumstances, no periods whatsoever.

With irregular periods, this can result in your ovaries not releasing enough eggs, which can have major implications on a woman’s fertility.

This issue can also cause abnormal uterine bleeding, which also results from serious illnesses such as cancer of the uterus or a thyroid issue.

Weight gain or loss

Irregular Periods

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Your menstrual cycle functions due to your ovaries’ interaction with the brain.

When you either lose or gain a significant amount of weight, it can cause you to miss your period due to your menstrual cycle being regulated.

If you’re either overweight or underweight, you can produce too much or not enough oestrogen respectively.

Oestrogen is the primary female sex hormone and helps regulate a woman’s reproductive system.

If you’re concerned about your period problems and can’t put your finger on why they’re occurring, get in touch with us today at Reproductive Health Group and our experts will assist with any investigations or treatment you may need.