Fertility & Blocked Fallopian Tubes

A woman’s reproductive system is an amazing and intricate thing. But as with all complicated systems, there are many things that can go wrong.

One of the problems that can affect a woman’s fertility are blocked fallopian tubes. These tubes are a crucial part of the reproductive system, allowing the sperm to reach the eggs, and carrying the embryo to the uterus. If the tubes are blocked, fertilisation and pregnancy are prevented.

Fallopian tubes can also become partially damaged, which increases the risk of ectopic pregnancies.

There are many different reasons why a blockage may occur but it is most commonly experienced as a result of pelvic inflammatory disease. Endometriosis, fibroids, previous ectopic pregnancies and pelvic adhesions as a result of past surgery can also be causes of blocked fallopian tubes.

If both tubes are fully blocked, it will be impossible to achieve a pregnancy without some form of intervention as there is no way for the eggs and sperm to meet. With a partial blockage the potential for pregnancy to occur exists, but the risk of ectopic pregnancy increases. If one fallopian tube is blocked but the other remains open, fertility potential may be unaffected as eggs can still travel through the undamaged tube.

Depending on the extent of the damage, the preferred treatment option for infertility as a result of blocked fallopian tubes may be to undergo tubal surgery to remove the blockage and improve fertility potential. Alternatively moving directly to IVF treatment may be the more appropriate option in some cases. Our fertility specialists here at RHG can advise you on the best approach for you individually.