Fertility age

Some of the most common queries we receive from potential patients are regarding how their age corresponds with their likelihood of pregnancy.

It is quite common knowledge that fertility levels decrease as you get older, however one thing that you may be wondering is if this decrease is different for men and women?

If this is a query that has been a cause for concern, then look no further. This post explains the differences between fertility decreases in gender, and infertility treatment options that may be available.

Female infertility

Women are born with all the eggs they’ll ever have in their lifetime. This is a key factor which explains why female fertility generally decreases with age.

The average woman starts with around 2,000,000 eggs, and this number will then decline with age. By the time a woman hits puberty egg reserves are already down to around 400,000.

At around age 30, fertility will begin to decline a little quicker for women. And after turning 35, there is a greater chance of miscarriages, infertility or complications during pregnancy.

Once a woman reaches the menopause, she will have around 1,000 eggs left. The majority of these are no longer fertile. The eggs then either deteriorate, are released during menstruation, or are re-absorbed back into the body.

Treatments that can help

If you’re simply not ready to start a family yet but know that once you are stable and ready you would like to, then freezing your eggs could be a great option. Especially if you are worried that your age may result in female infertility. The best time to freeze your eggs is before you turn 30. As the storage period lasts for up to 10 years they can be used at any time within this period.

Not only can egg freezing help those who want to start a family later in life, but the procedure can also be incredibly helpful for women with significant fertility problems such as premature ovarian failure.

Male infertility

It’s a common misconception that men remain fertile for their entire lives and do not lose fertility with age. Although they do remain fertile for longer than women, male infertility can also arise later in life.

Unlike women, men are not born with sperm, rather they produce it constantly. This means that a healthy and fertile male will produce sperm throughout his life.

However, despite the daily production of sperm, there are several other challenges which can cause male infertility. Generally, the sperm created tends to decline in quality and quantity as men get older. This can make conception more difficult. Men can also become infertile, even if they are still able to engage in intercourse and ejaculate.

Available treatments

As with women, fertility preservation is the best defence against age. Men can look into sperm freezing as a treatment to prolong the quality and quantity of their semen.

Like freezing eggs, the storage period for sperm freezing is up to 10 years, which means that you’re not under any pressure to use your sample quickly. There have been good success rates in pregnancy when using frozen sperm. However, success rates do decrease over time.

Hopefully this post has given you a little more guidance on how fertility levels differ between men and women with age. If you have anymore questions that need answering feel free to contact us and our friendly team will be more than happy to help.